December 20, 2018
Authored by: Stephanie Moll and Larry Brody
With the end of the year approaching, we thought now would be a good time to re-post and update our annual blog entry on gifting.
For 2019, the annual exclusion gift amount will remain the same as 2018’s at $15,000, but the lifetime gift and estate tax exemption will increase to $11,400,000 (up from 2018’s $11,180,000, which doubled under the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act).
With eleven days left in the year, many people are still planning how to make 2018 gifts, whether by making “annual exclusion” gifts of $15,000 per beneficiary, or by taking advantage of the 2018 gift tax exemption amount of $11,180,000. Whatever the reason for the last-minute gifting, as the end of the year approaches, people may be tempted to make a “quick and easy” gift to their beneficiaries by simply writing a check. As the year draws to a close, however, if your gift is dependent on utilizing 2018 tax law, beware of the potential trap of making a gift by check.
A gift is not complete for tax purposes until the gift is no longer revocable. However, if you write someone a check, until that check clears, you could always “revoke” the check by alerting your bank to stop payment, or by emptying your account of sufficient funds to pay on the check. Until the check clears the bank, your gift is still revocable. Therefore, if your beneficiary doesn’t deposit the check in time for the banking system to clear the check, your gift may not be considered irrevocable until 2019, and you have therefore made a gift in 2019 instead of 2018.
If you are planning to make 2018 gifts over the next 11 days by means of a check, be wary and let your beneficiaries know that they need to deposit that check as soon as possible. Better yet, make the gift by means of a cashier’s check, which is considered irrevocable as soon as you hand it over. That way, you don’t have to rely on the promptness of your beneficiaries’ next trip to the bank, and the promptness of the banks in processing the checks.